Former San Francisco Venture Capitalist Convicted Of Multiple Fraud And Money Laundering Charges

Former San Francisco venture capitalist convicted of multiple fraud and money laundering charges. The evidence reveals $18.8 million in missing funds. Learn more.

Former San Francisco venture capitalist, Michael Brent Rothenberg, has been convicted of multiple charges including wire fraud, money laundering, bank fraud, and making false statements to a bank. Rothenberg, once known as “Silicon Valley’s Party Animal,” was found guilty by a federal jury after a seven-week trial. The evidence revealed that Rothenberg’s fraudulent schemes resulted in approximately $18.8 million in missing funds. He misappropriated venture capital funds to finance his own company, River Studios, and routinely took excess fees from the funds he managed. Rothenberg also engaged in a scheme to defraud a bank to obtain a line of credit. He now faces the possibility of imprisonment and hefty fines.

Former San Francisco Venture Capitalist Convicted Of Multiple Fraud And Money Laundering Charges


Introduction to the case

In a significant legal development, former San Francisco venture capitalist Michael Brent Rothenberg has been convicted of multiple charges, including fraud and money laundering. This case has captured public attention due to Rothenberg’s prominent position in the venture capital industry and his lavish lifestyle. The conviction comes after a lengthy jury trial and exposes the extent of Rothenberg’s fraudulent activities.

Description of Michael Brent Rothenberg

Michael Brent Rothenberg, a former venture capitalist, was known as “Silicon Valley’s Party Animal.” He gained prominence in the venture capital scene with his management of four annual venture capital funds, which aimed to invest in start-up companies, particularly those in the virtual reality technologies field. Rothenberg also founded River Studios, a company focused on producing content for virtual reality headsets.

Overview of the charges

Rothenberg faced multiple charges related to wire fraud, money laundering, bank fraud, and making false statements to a bank. These charges stemmed from his misappropriation of funds, fraudulent schemes, and deceptive practices aimed at defrauding investors and financial institutions.

Wire Fraud Charges

Details of wire fraud charges

The jury found Rothenberg guilty of wire fraud concerning investments from venture capital funds that he managed in 2015 and 2016. Rothenberg deceived investors by misusing their funds and diverting them for personal purposes or to finance his other ventures.

Investments from venture capital funds

Rothenberg’s fraudulent activities involved misappropriating funds from the venture capital funds he managed. Investors entrusted their money with Rothenberg’s funds, expecting it to be properly invested in start-up companies. However, Rothenberg diverted these funds for personal use, including funding his company River Studios.

Misappropriation of funds for River Studios

Rothenberg falsely claimed that River Studios was self-funded, leading investors and his employees to believe that it operated independently from the venture capital funds. However, evidence presented during the trial revealed that Rothenberg siphoned a significant amount of venture capital fund money to finance River Studios’ operations. This misappropriation constituted a breach of trust and a violation of investors’ expectations.

Money Laundering Charges

Transferring proceeds through various bank accounts

In addition to wire fraud, Rothenberg was also found guilty of money laundering. After diverting funds from the $2 million investment made in his company Bend Reality LLC (operating as River Studios), Rothenberg transferred a substantial portion of these proceeds through various bank accounts. This illicit money laundering scheme allowed Rothenberg to conceal the source of the funds and perpetuate his fraudulent activities.

Link to wire fraud charges and misappropriated funds

The money laundering charges against Rothenberg have a direct connection to his wire fraud charges. By transferring misappropriated funds through various bank accounts, Rothenberg attempted to disguise the illegal origin of the funds and legitimize their use. These actions further demonstrated Rothenberg’s intent to deceive and defraud investors and financial institutions.

Bank Fraud and False Statements Charges

Obtaining a line of credit from Silicon Valley Bank

Rothenberg was also charged with bank fraud and making false statements to a bank. In late 2015, he obtained a $4 million line of credit from Silicon Valley Bank for his venture capital management company, Rothenberg Ventures Management Company, LLC (RVMC). This line of credit was used to cover up the excess fees Rothenberg had taken from one of the venture capital funds.

Scheme to defraud the bank

To secure the line of credit, Rothenberg engaged in a scheme to defraud Silicon Valley Bank. He made false statements and misrepresentations to the bank, concealing the true financial state of his venture capital funds. By doing so, Rothenberg intended to avoid disclosing the shortfall in funds and maintain the appearance of a successful venture capitalist.

False statements and misrepresentations

Rothenberg’s false statements and misrepresentations to the bank included providing inaccurate information about the financial health of his business and the purpose of the line of credit. By misleading the bank, Rothenberg managed to secure the line of credit without revealing the mismanagement of the venture capital funds.

Jury Trial and Guilty Verdicts

Duration of the jury trial

The jury trial, presided over by U.S. District Judge Jon S. Tigar, lasted seven weeks. The length of the trial reflects the complexity of the case and the extensive evidence presented by the prosecution to establish Rothenberg’s fraudulent activities.

Guilty verdicts on multiple charges

After carefully considering the evidence and testimonies presented, the jury returned guilty verdicts on multiple charges against Rothenberg. These charges included wire fraud, money laundering, bank fraud, and making false statements to a bank. The verdicts confirm Rothenberg’s culpability in defrauding investors and financial institutions.

Amount of missing money

The evidence presented during the trial revealed that Rothenberg’s fraudulent schemes resulted in approximately $18.8 million in missing money. This substantial sum underscores the severity of Rothenberg’s fraudulent activities and the significant financial harm suffered by investors and affected parties.

Evidence and Testimony

Introduction of evidence during the trial

The trial involved the introduction of substantial evidence to establish Rothenberg’s guilt. The prosecution meticulously presented documents, financial records, and other forms of evidence to demonstrate Rothenberg’s fraudulent conduct. These pieces of evidence were crucial in providing a clear picture of Rothenberg’s illegal activities.

Key witnesses and their testimonies

Several key witnesses provided testimony during the trial, offering firsthand accounts of Rothenberg’s fraudulent activities. Witnesses included investors, employees, and individuals associated with Rothenberg’s venture capital funds and River Studios. Their testimonies corroborated the evidence presented and provided critical insights into Rothenberg’s deceptive practices.

Documents and financial records

The prosecution relied heavily on documents and financial records to substantiate its case against Rothenberg. These records included bank statements, investment agreements, fund reports, and communication records. By analyzing these documents, the prosecution was able to establish a clear trail of financial misconduct and fraudulent transactions.

Indictment and Pretrial Release

Federal grand jury indictment

Rothenberg was indicted by a federal grand jury in August 2020. The indictment charged him with bank fraud, making false statements to a bank, wire fraud, and money laundering. This indictment marked a crucial step in initiating legal proceedings against Rothenberg and holding him accountable for his actions.

Charges and penalties

The charges filed against Rothenberg carry significant penalties upon conviction. Bank fraud and making false statements to a bank are punishable by up to 30 years of imprisonment and a fine of $1,000,000. Wire fraud charges carry a maximum penalty of 20 years of imprisonment and a fine of $250,000. Money laundering charges can result in a maximum sentence of 10 years’ imprisonment and a fine of $250,000. The actual sentence imposed will depend on the court’s consideration of the U.S. Sentencing Guidelines and relevant statutes.

Current status on pretrial release

Rothenberg is currently on pretrial release, granted on an unsecured bond. This means that he was released from custody pending the conclusion of legal proceedings but is required to comply with certain conditions, such as regular check-ins with law enforcement and restrictions on travel and financial transactions.

Sentencing Hearing

Scheduled date for the sentencing hearing

Judge Tigar has scheduled Rothenberg’s sentencing hearing for March 1, 2024. This hearing will determine the specific penalties imposed on Rothenberg based on the severity of his crimes, the applicable sentencing guidelines, and any mitigating factors presented during the hearing.

Potential statutory penalties

Rothenberg faces significant statutory penalties for each of the charges brought against him. Maximum penalties range from 10 to 30 years of imprisonment and fines ranging from $250,000 to $1,000,000. The court will consider these statutory penalties, among other factors, in determining an appropriate sentence.

Factors considered for the sentencing

During the sentencing hearing, the court will consider various factors in determining an appropriate sentence for Rothenberg. These factors may include the nature and severity of the offenses, the extent of financial harm caused, any prior criminal history, the defendant’s level of cooperation, and any expressions of remorse or restitution efforts. The court’s decision will ultimately aim to ensure justice is served and to deter similar fraudulent activities.


The conviction of former venture capitalist Michael Brent Rothenberg for multiple charges, including fraud and money laundering, serves as a stark reminder of the consequences individuals face for engaging in deceitful practices. The evidence presented during the trial exposed Rothenberg’s fraudulent schemes, demonstrating the extent of his misconduct and the substantial financial harm suffered by investors. As Rothenberg awaits his sentencing hearing, the outcome of this case will further underscore the importance of accountability and integrity in the financial sector.