Two Maui Men Found Guilty of Hate Crimes for Racially Motivated Attack

Two Maui men found guilty of racially motivated hate crimes against a white man. Verdict highlights justice system's commitment to protect against hate-driven violence. Sentencing set for March 2, 2023.

In a significant development, two men from Maui, Kaulana Alo-Kaonohi and Levi Aki Jr., have been found guilty of hate crimes stemming from a racially motivated attack on a white man, referred to as C.K., who had recently purchased a home in their neighborhood. The trial, which lasted two weeks, concluded with the federal jury delivering a guilty verdict against both defendants for their violent actions against C.K. The court heard evidence that C.K. had been subjected to harassment and threats from various residents, expressing sentiments of exclusion and disdain towards him. The defendants, who had no prior acquaintance with C.K., physically assaulted him on multiple occasions, resulting in severe injuries. The ruling highlights the commitment of the justice system to protect individuals from hate-driven violence, irrespective of the race of the perpetrator or victim. Both defendants await their sentencing, scheduled for March 2, 2023.

Table of Contents

Background Information

Victims and Defendants

The victims of the racially motivated attack were identified as C.K., a white man, and his family. The defendants in this case were Kaulana Alo-Kaonohi and Levi Aki Jr., both residents of the Kahakuloa neighborhood in Maui.

Location of the Attack

The attack took place in Kahakuloa, a neighborhood in Maui, Hawaii. It was in this neighborhood that C.K., the victim, had purchased a house and planned to move in with his wife and three daughters.

Timeline of Events

The events leading up to the attack began when C.K. arrived in Kahakuloa with his family. Upon their arrival, they were subjected to harassment and threats from various residents who expressed hostility towards them. On February 13, 2014, while C.K. was unpacking his belongings with his elderly uncle, the defendants stormed onto his property and demanded that he leave. This led to a physical altercation where C.K. was severely injured.

Recorded Evidence

The victim had recorded the attacks using his phone, but the defendants took the phone from him after he lost consciousness. However, cameras on the victim’s car captured critical evidence that corroborated C.K.’s account of the events.

Law Enforcement Involvement

The investigation of this hate crime was conducted by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). The FBI worked in partnership with the Justice Department’s Civil Rights Division to gather evidence and build a case against the defendants.

Trial and Verdict

Length of Trial

The trial in this case lasted for two weeks before United States District Judge J. Michael Seabright. The prosecution presented evidence and witness testimonies to establish the guilt of the defendants.

Jury Verdict

After considering the evidence presented, the jury found both defendants, Kaulana Alo-Kaonohi and Levi Aki Jr., guilty of a hate crime for their racially motivated attacks on C.K. The guilty verdict was a recognition of the defendants’ actions and the impact of their racially motivated violence.


The sentencing for the defendants is set for March 2, 2023. The judge will impose sentences based on the U.S. Sentencing Guidelines and other statutory factors.

Maximum Sentence for the Conviction

The charge on which the defendants were convicted carries a maximum sentence of ten years of imprisonment. The final sentence will be determined by the judge based on the specific circumstances of the case.

Impact and Consequences

Physical Injuries Sustained by the Victim

As a result of the attack, the victim, C.K., suffered severe physical injuries. He was struck in the head with a roofing shovel, causing a bloody wound on the back of his head. He also sustained a concussion and broken ribs from the repeated attacks.

Emotional Trauma Experienced by the Victim and His Family

The racially motivated attack had a profound impact on the victim and his family. They experienced significant emotional trauma as a result of the violence they endured. The attack not only threatened their physical well-being but also left them feeling targeted and marginalized based on their race.

Community Reaction

The community’s reaction to this hate crime was one of shock and outrage. The residents of Kahakuloa and people in the surrounding areas expressed their condemnation of the attack and demanded justice for the victim. The incident brought attention to underlying racial tensions within the community.

Support for the Victim

In the wake of the attack, the victim received an outpouring of support from the community and various organizations. This support aimed to provide comfort and assistance to the victim and his family as they navigated the aftermath of the hate crime.

Prosecution Case

Evidence Presented by the Prosecution

During the trial, the prosecution presented compelling evidence to establish the guilt of the defendants. This evidence included the recorded video footage from the victim’s car, which captured critical moments of the attacks. The footage corroborated the victim’s account of the events and provided strong evidence against the defendants.

Witness Testimonies

Witnesses who observed the attacks or had knowledge of the defendants’ actions played a crucial role in the prosecution’s case. Their testimonies provided additional evidence that supported the charges of a racially motivated hate crime.

Prosecution’s Arguments

The prosecution argued that the defendants’ actions were driven by racial hatred, targeting C.K. based on the color of his skin. They emphasized the severe physical injuries inflicted on the victim and the discriminatory language used during the attacks as evidence of a hate crime.

Role of the FBI

The FBI played a vital role in the investigation of this hate crime. They collected evidence, interviewed witnesses, and worked diligently to build a strong case against the defendants. Their expertise in investigating hate crimes was crucial in ensuring a thorough and effective prosecution.

Partnership with the Justice Department’s Civil Rights Division

The partnership between the FBI and the Justice Department’s Civil Rights Division allowed for an integrated approach to the prosecution of this hate crime. The collaboration between these two entities ensured that the case received the necessary attention and resources to pursue justice for the victim.

Defense Case

Arguments Presented by the Defense

The defense presented arguments aimed at challenging the prosecution’s case and casting doubt on the motives and actions of the defendants. They may have argued that the defendants’ actions were not racially motivated or that there were other factors at play that led to the altercation.

Witness Testimonies for the Defense

The defense may have called witnesses who could provide alternative explanations or interpretations of the events or testify to the character of the defendants. Their testimonies aimed to create doubt about the prosecution’s version of events.

Motive or Justification for the Attack

In their defense, the defendants might have presented a motive or justification for their actions. They may have claimed that their response was provoked by factors unrelated to the victim’s race or that they acted in self-defense.

Rebuttal to Prosecution’s Evidence and Arguments

The defense would have had the opportunity to challenge the prosecution’s evidence and arguments through cross-examination of witnesses and presenting their own evidence. They may have sought to undermine the credibility of witnesses or challenge the admissibility of certain evidence.

Relevance of Hate Crime Classification

Definition of Hate Crime

Hate crimes are criminal acts committed against individuals or groups based on their race, religion, ethnicity, national origin, gender, sexual orientation, gender identity, or disability. These crimes are driven by prejudice, bias, or hatred and aim to intimidate, harm, or discriminate against the targeted individuals or groups.

Motivation behind the Attack

The motivation behind the attack in this case was identified as racial hatred. The defendants targeted C.K. because of his race, which makes this a clear example of a hate crime.

Enhanced Sentencing and Consequences for Hate Crimes

Hate crimes carry enhanced penalties and consequences compared to similar crimes without a hate element. The classification of a crime as a hate crime reflects society’s recognition of the additional harm caused by crimes driven by prejudice and hatred. The sentencing in this case will take into account the hate crime classification, potentially leading to more severe punishment for the defendants.

Community Response

Reactions from Local Residents

The hate crime shocked and deeply affected the local community. Residents expressed their outrage at the racially motivated attack and called for justice. Many individuals and community organizations took a stand against hate and came together to support the victim and his family.

Support for the Victim and His Family

The victim and his family received widespread support from the community. This support included emotional and practical assistance, such as counseling and legal aid. The community rallied behind the victim, actively demonstrating solidarity and standing against hate.

Discussions on Racial Tensions

The hate crime sparked discussions and dialogue within the community about racial tensions and discrimination. It prompted a reevaluation of existing prejudices and biases and a renewed commitment to fostering racial harmony and understanding.

Calls for Unity and Intolerance towards Hate

In response to the hate crime, community leaders and organizations called for unity and intolerance towards hate. They emphasized the importance of embracing diversity, promoting inclusivity, and rejecting any form of discrimination or violence based on race.

Statement from Authorities

Statements from United States Attorney Clare E. Connors

United States Attorney Clare E. Connors emphasized the role of the rule of law in protecting all individuals from violent assaults, irrespective of their race. She highlighted the commitment of the Department of Justice to ensure that those who commit violent crimes out of racial hatred face criminal consequences.

Statements from Assistant Attorney General Kristen Clarke

Assistant Attorney General Kristen Clarke, from the Justice Department’s Civil Rights Division, expressed how this verdict brings justice and vindication to the victim and signifies the department’s commitment to protecting every person from race-based violence. She emphasized that the law applies equally to everyone, regardless of the race of the perpetrator or the victim.

Statement from FBI Special Agent in Charge Steven Merrill

FBI Special Agent in Charge Steven Merrill reaffirmed the FBI’s commitment to protecting individuals from harm based on their race. He emphasized their work to ensure that everyone feels safe in their community, free from fear of retribution or violence, regardless of their race. He encouraged the public to support law enforcement’s efforts to end hate crimes.

Next Steps and Follow Up

Sentencing Date for the Defendants

The sentencing for the defendants, Kaulana Alo-Kaonohi and Levi Aki Jr., has been scheduled for March 2, 2023. The judge will determine the appropriate punishment based on the severity of the crimes committed and other relevant factors.

Potential Appeals or Further Legal Actions

Following the sentencing, there is the possibility of the defendants filing appeals or seeking further legal actions. The appeals process allows for a review of the trial proceedings and the potential reversal or modification of the verdict or sentence.

Continued Monitoring of Hate Crimes in the Area

The hate crime in this case highlights the importance of continued monitoring of hate crimes in the area. Law enforcement agencies and community organizations may collaborate to track hate crime trends, raise awareness, and implement preventive measures.

Preventive Measures to Address Racial Discrimination and Violence

In response to the hate crime, community leaders and law enforcement agencies may collaborate to develop preventive measures that address racial discrimination and violence. These measures may include education, outreach programs, community dialogues, and improved reporting and response protocols.

Related Cases and Precedents

Similar Hate Crime Cases in the Past

Looking at similar hate crime cases in the past can provide valuable insights into how these crimes have been prosecuted and the corresponding legal outcomes. These cases may contribute to establishing precedents and guidelines for handling future hate crime cases.

Legal Outcomes and Sentences of Previous Cases

Examining the legal outcomes and sentences of previous hate crime cases helps determine the range of penalties imposed for similar offenses. This information assists in assessing the appropriate sentencing for the defendants in this particular case.

Impact of Hate Crime Convictions on Future Cases

Hate crime convictions set important precedents and shape how future hate crime cases are prosecuted. They send a clear message about society’s intolerance towards hate and ensure that perpetrators face significant consequences for their actions. The impact of hate crime convictions extends beyond individual cases, influencing the societal perception of hate crimes and shaping the legal landscape.