California Man Convicted of Health Care Kickback Fraud

Stay informed about the conviction of Steven Donofrio in a health care kickback scheme, highlighting the conspiracy, penalties, and efforts to combat health care fraud.

In a recent case in the Eastern District of Texas, a man from Temecula, California, named Steven Donofrio has been convicted of federal violations related to a health care kickback scheme. The scheme involved paying and receiving kickbacks in exchange for the referral of pharmacogenetic tests to clinical laboratories in California. Over $28 million in illegal kickback payments were exchanged as part of this conspiracy. This conviction is part of a larger effort to crack down on health care fraud and protect citizens from unnecessary medical procedures and financial harm. The U.S. Attorney and law enforcement officials involved in the case are committed to bringing these individuals to justice and ensuring the integrity of the health care system.


This comprehensive article explores the conviction of Steven Donofrio in a health care kickback scheme in the Eastern District of Texas. It provides an overview of the case, including details of the conspiracy, Donofrio’s guilty verdict, and the potential penalties he faces. The article also delves into the specifics of the health care kickback scheme, including the involvement of other individuals and clinical laboratories. Furthermore, it discusses the Anti-Kickback Statute and the potential penalties for violations. The article concludes by highlighting the impact of Donofrio’s conviction and the continued efforts to combat health care fraud.

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The conviction of Steven Donofrio in a health care kickback scheme has brought attention to the ongoing issue of fraud within the health care system. This article provides an in-depth analysis of the case, examining the details of the conspiracy, the involvement of other individuals, and the potential penalties Donofrio may face. By shedding light on this case, it aims to highlight the importance of combatting health care fraud and protecting the integrity of the health care system.

Conviction of Steven Donofrio

Steven Donofrio, a resident of Temecula, California, was recently found guilty of federal violations related to a health care kickback scheme. The verdict was delivered following a two-week trial before U.S. District Judge Robert W. Schroeder III. Donofrio’s conviction serves as a stark reminder of the consequences individuals face when engaging in fraudulent activities within the health care system.

Details of the Health Care Kickback Scheme

The health care kickback scheme that Donofrio was involved in revolved around the referral and arrangement of pharmacogenetic (PGx) tests. These tests, which identify genetic variations that affect how an individual metabolizes certain drugs, were the focus of an illegal arrangement between Donofrio and others. The scheme involved the referral of PGx tests to clinical laboratories located in Fountain Valley, Irvine, and San Diego, California. The exchange of illegal kickback payments, totaling over $28 million, was a central component of the conspiracy.

Other Individuals Involved in the Conspiracy

Donofrio was not acting alone in perpetrating the health care kickback scheme. The indictment and subsequent charges brought against twelve individuals from three states highlight the collaborative nature of the conspiracy. Plea agreements and guilty verdicts were reached with many of these individuals, underscoring the extent of their involvement in the scheme. The sentencing of Donofrio’s co-conspirators further emphasizes the seriousness with which the legal system views such fraudulent activities.


To fully understand the significance of Donofrio’s conviction, it is important to delve into the broader context of health care kickback schemes and pharmacogenetic testing. This section provides an overview of these topics, offering insights into the motivations and implications of such fraudulent practices.

Health Care Kickback Schemes

Health care kickback schemes involve the exchange of remunerations in return for the referral or arrangement of health care services. These illegal arrangements not only undermine the integrity of the health care system but also have a detrimental impact on patients who expect to receive quality care and be billed for legitimate services. The prevalence of health care kickback schemes underscores the need for stringent laws and penalties to deter individuals from engaging in fraudulent activities.

Pharmacogenetic Testing

Pharmacogenetic testing, also known as pharmacogenomic testing, plays a crucial role in personalized medicine. By identifying genetic variations that affect an individual’s response to specific drugs, pharmacogenetic testing enables healthcare providers to tailor treatment plans to a patient’s unique genetic profile. However, the misuse of pharmacogenetic testing for fraudulent purposes, as seen in Donofrio’s case, threatens to undermine the legitimate and valuable applications of this testing methodology.

Sentencing and Potential Penalties

Following his guilty verdict, Steven Donofrio now awaits sentencing and faces a range of potential penalties. The Anti-Kickback Statute, a federal law that prohibits the offering, paying, soliciting, or receiving remunerations in exchange for referrals or arrangements of items or services payable under federal health care programs, dictates the potential consequences of Donofrio’s actions. Convictions under the Anti-Kickback Statute can result in up to five years of imprisonment, underscoring the severity of health care fraud offenses.

Anti-Kickback Statute and Penalties

The Anti-Kickback Statute, which is designed to combat health care fraud, outlines the provisions and penalties associated with kickback schemes. By criminalizing the exchange of remunerations for referrals or arrangements of health care services, the statute aims to safeguard the integrity of federal health care programs. Violations of the Anti-Kickback Statute carry considerable penalties, including imprisonment of up to five years, fines, and potential exclusion from participating in federal health care programs.

Investigation and Prosecution

The successful conviction of Steven Donofrio in the health care kickback scheme can be attributed to the collaborative efforts of various law enforcement agencies and the dedicated prosecution team. This section delves into the involvement of these entities, shedding light on the behind-the-scenes work that contributed to bringing Donofrio and his co-conspirators to justice.

Involvement of Law Enforcement Agencies

The investigation of health care fraud cases demands the expertise and resources of multiple law enforcement agencies. In Donofrio’s case, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Inspector General, and the FBI’s Dallas-Frisco Resident Agency played crucial roles in uncovering the conspiracy and gathering evidence. Their relentless pursuit of justice underscores the commitment to protecting citizens from the harmful effects of health care fraud.

Prosecution Team

The successful prosecution of Steven Donofrio and his co-conspirators is the result of the dedicated efforts of the prosecution team. Assistant U.S. Attorneys Nathaniel C. Kummerfeld, Lucas Machicek, and Adrian Garcia, along with other Assistant U.S. Attorneys, played instrumental roles in presenting the evidence and arguments that led to Donofrio’s guilty verdict. Their commitment to upholding the law and pursuing justice against those who engage in health care fraud is commendable.

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The conviction of Steven Donofrio in a health care kickback scheme serves as a significant development in the ongoing battle against health care fraud. By shining a light on the details of the case, this article underscores the importance of combating fraudulent activities within the health care system. It also highlights the collaborative efforts of law enforcement agencies and the prosecution team in bringing the perpetrators to justice. Moving forward, it is essential to continue these efforts to safeguard the integrity of the health care system and protect the well-being of individuals who rely on it.


To access official press releases and related content related to Steven Donofrio’s conviction and the health care kickback scheme, please refer to the following sources:

  1. U.S. Department of Justice – Eastern District of Texas Press Releases
  2. Contact Information for further inquiries.

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